|시간 제한||메모리 제한||제출||정답||맞은 사람||정답 비율|
|5 초||512 MB||24||20||19||82.609%|
Ursula is a big fan of constructing artificial languages. Today, she is starting to work on a language inspired by real Polynesian languages. The only rules she has established are:
For example, in a language in which a is the only vowel and h is the only consonant, a, aa, aha, aaha, and haha are valid words, whereas h, ahh, ahah, and ahha are not. Note that the rule about consonants disallows ending a word in a consonant as well as following a consonant with another consonant.
If Ursula's new language has C different consonants and V different vowels available to use, then how many different valid words of length L are there in her language? Since the output can be a really big number, we only ask you to output the remainder of dividing the result by the prime 109+7 (1000000007).
The first line of the input gives the number of test cases, T. T test cases follow. Each consists of one line with three integers C, V, and L.
For each test case, output one line containing
Case #x: y, where
x is the test case number (starting from 1) and
y is the number of different valid words of length L in the language, modulo the prime 109+7 (1000000007).
2 1 1 4 1 2 2
Case #1: 5 Case #2: 6
In Case #1, suppose that the only vowel is a and the only consonant is h. Then the possible valid words of length 4 are: aaaa, aaha, ahaa, haaa, haha.
In Case #2 (which would not appear in the Small dataset 1), suppose that the two vowels are a and e and the only consonant is h. Then the possible valid words of length 2 are: aa, ae, ea, ee, ha, he.