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You have a square N by N matrix M of nonnegative integers. We would like to make a list of the maximum values in every sub-matrix of size K by K within M, and then find the sum of those values together. (Note that the same entry of M might be the maximum value in more than one sub-matrix, in which case it will show up multiple times in the list.) Can you find that sum?
To simplify the input of the matrix, you are given two arrays A and B of length N, and two integers C and X. Then the entry Mij (for the ith row and jth column of the matrix) equals (Ai*i+Bj*j + C) mod X, where i and j are in the range [1, N].
The first line of the input gives the number of test cases, T. T test cases follow. Each test case begins with one line with four integers, N, K, C and X. Then there are two lines with N integers each, representing the arrays A and B.
For each test case, output one line containing "Case #x: y", where x is the test case number (starting from 1) and y is the sum of the maximum values in all sub-matrices of size K by K.
3 1 1 1 5 1 1 2 1 5 11 1 2 3 4 3 2 3 109 6 4 3 2 1 5
Case #1: 3 Case #2: 19 Case #3: 80
In the first test case, the matrix is:
So the sum of maximum values is 3. In the second test case, the matrix is:
So the sum of maximum values is 19. In the third test case, the matrix is:
11 11 24
13 13 26
14 14 27