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|2 초||512 MB||2||2||2||100.000%|
Your country has a problem with zombies. That is, it has zombies, which are a problem. Thankfully, you are gainfully employed at the Forsenic Institute for Zoology and Zombie Emerging Studies (FIZZES), and your job is simply to give a measure of how bad the problem is.
You have mapped out your country on an an N-by-M array of cells marked with non-negative integers.
You have the exact locations of all the zombies, and know that no two zombies are in the same location. The cells containing a zombie are marked with 0. Next, all the unmarked cells touching a cell (where touching a cell means touching on any side or corner of a cell; so each cell touches up to 8 other cells) marked with 0 are marked with 1. Then, all the unmarked cells touching a cell marked with 1 are marked with 2. This process continues until all the cells are marked. These numbers indicate the level of concern your office has about the spread of zombies.
A small example is shown below.
2 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 0 1 2 2 1 0 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3
Your boss has given you an integer Q, and you must determine the number of cells which are marked with the integer Q.
The first line of input will contain two space-separated integers N and M (1 ≤ N ≤ 109; 1 ≤ M ≤ 109) indicating the size of the grid. The next line contains the number K (1 ≤ K ≤ 2000), indicating the number of cells that contain zombies. The next K lines each contain two space-separated integers ri ci indicating the row and column of the ith zombie (1 ≤ ri ≤ N; 1 ≤ ci ≤ M). No two zombies are in the same cell: thus if i ≠ j then (ri, ci) ≠ (rj, cj). The last line will contain the integer Q (0 ≤ Q ≤ N + M).
Output the number of cells in the grid that are marked with the integer Q.
5 6 2 3 3 2 4 2