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Consider the following function f defined for any natural number n:
f(n) is the number obtained by summing up the squares of the digits of n in decimal (or base-ten).
If n = 19, for example, then f(19) = 82 because 12 + 92 = 82.
Repeatedly applying this function f, some natural numbers eventually become 1. Such numbers are called happy numbers. For example, 19 is a happy number, because repeatedly applying function f to 19 results in:
However, not all natural numbers are happy. You could try 5 and you will see that 5 is not a happy number. If n is not a happy number, it has been proved by mathematicians that repeatedly applying function f to n reaches the following cycle:
4 → 16 → 37 → 58 → 89 → 145 → 42 → 20 → 4.
Write a program that decides if a given natural number n is a happy number or not.
Your program is to read from standard input. The input consists of a single line that contains an integer, n (1 ≤ n ≤ 1,000,000,000)
Your program is to write to standard output. Print exactly one line. If the given number n is a happy number, print out
HAPPY; otherwise, print out