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문제

Vera has N friends numbered from 0 to N − 1. Being in Software Engineering, all her friends do not have enough spare time to engage in relationships. However, friends have crushes on each other.

If x is a non-negative integer, let g(x) be the number of ones in the binary representation of x. Let f(i, j) = g((A · B(i·N+j))%M), where A, B, M are integer constants.

It is known that for any 2 friends i and j where i < j, if f(i, j) is even then i has a crush on j, otherwise j has a crush on i.

Vera thinks love triangles are very funny. A love triangle is a set of 3 friends i, j, k such that i has a crush on j, j has a crush on k and k has a crush on i.

Given integers N, M, A, B tell Vera how many love triangles exist among her friends. Two love triangles are different if they contain a different set of 3 friends.

입력

The input will be in the format:

N M A B

Constraints:

  • 3 ≤ N, M ≤ 200, 000
  • 0 < A, B < M
  • N, M, A, B are integers
  • M is prime

출력

Output one line with the number of love triangles.

예제 입력 1

3 5 3 4

예제 출력 1

1

예제 입력 2

3 3 1 2

예제 출력 2

0

예제 입력 3

1337 10007 1337 1337

예제 출력 3

99141170

힌트

Let a → b denote that friend a has a crush on friend b.

For the first example, f(0, 1) = g(2) = 1, f(0, 2) = g(3) = 2, f(1, 2) = g(2) = 1. So 0 → 2, 2 → 1, and 1 → 0, so there is one love triangle.

For the second example, 1 → 0, 2 → 0, and 2 → 1, so there are zero love triangles.