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문제

Proper k-coloring of undirected graph G(V, E) is a mapping c : V → {1, 2, 3, . . . , k} such that for each edge (u, v) ∈ E, we have cu ≠ cv.

Undirected graph is k-colorable if a proper k-coloring exists for it.

Chromatic number of a graph is the smallest k such that the graph is k-colorable.

Tree is a simple acyclic undirected graph.

Alice has an undirected graph with chromatic number k, and Bob has a tree on k vertices. Bob wants to find k different vertices p1, p2, p3, . . . , pk in Alice’s graph such that for each edge (u, v) in Bob’s tree, there exists an edge (pu, pv) in Alice’s graph. Help him.

입력

The first line contains a single integer T (1 ≤ T ≤ 106), the number of test cases to solve. Description of T testcases follows. Each testcase is described as follows.

The first line contains three integers n, m, and k (1 ≤ n, k ≤ 106, 0 ≤ m ≤ 106), the number of vertices and edges of Alice’s graph and its chromatic number, respectively.

Each of the next m lines contains a pair of integers ui and vi (1 ≤ ui, vi ≤ n, ui ≠ vi) describing an edge of Alice’s graph. It is guaranteed that there are no multiple edges and that Alice’s graph has chromatic number exactly equal to k.

Each of the next k − 1 lines contains a pair of integers pi and qi (1 ≤ pi, qi ≤ k, pi ≠ qi) describing an edge in Bob’s tree. It is guaranteed that the given set of edges forms a tree.

It is guaranteed that the sum of n in all test cases, as well as the sum of m in all test cases, does not exceed 106.

출력

For each testcase, output the answer in the following format.

If it is impossible to find the required k vertices in Alice’s graph, print “No”.

Otherwise, print “Yes” in the first line. In the second line, print k different integers pi (1 ≤ pi ≤ n): the numbers of vertices in Alice’s graph corresponding to the respective vertices of Bob’s tree. If there are several possible answers, print any one of them.

예제 입력 1

3
6 6 3
1 2
2 3
3 1
1 4
2 5
3 6
1 2
2 3
4 6 4
1 2
1 3
1 4
2 3
2 4
3 4
1 2
1 3
1 4
5 4 3
1 2
3 4
4 5
5 3
1 2
2 3

예제 출력 1

Yes
3 2 1
Yes
4 1 2 3
Yes
5 4 3