|시간 제한||메모리 제한||제출||정답||맞은 사람||정답 비율|
|1 초||512 MB||1||1||1||100.000%|
There is a hash table with $m$ slots, numbered from $0$ to $m-1$. Initially the slots are empty.
There are $n$ elements, numbered from $0$ to $n-1$, which should be inserted into the hash table in this order.
The hash function is $h(x)=x^2 \bmod m$, so the element number $i$ will be inserted into the slot numbered $(i^2 \bmod m)$.
Because of the strange implementation, inserting an element into a slot costs $T$, where $T$ is the number of elements this slot already contains. Please compute the total cost of inserting all these $n$ elements into the table.
The first line contains an integer $t$, denoting the number of test cases ($1 \le t \le 5$).
Each test case is given on a single line with two integers, $n$ and $m$ ($1 \le n \le 10^9$, $2 \le m \le 10^9$).
For each test case, print a single line containing the answer.
3 5 4 1234 5678 5 4
4 229 4
In the first test case, the elements $0,1,2,3,4$ are inserted into slots $0,1,0,1,0$ respectively, incurring costs of $0+0+1+1+2=4$.