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Farmer John is building a nicely-landscaped garden, and needs to move a large amount of dirt in the process.
The garden consists of a sequence of N flowerbeds (1 <= N <= 100), where flowerbed i initially contains A_i units of dirt. Farmer John would like to re-landscape the garden so that each flowerbed i instead contains B_i units of dirt. The A_i's and B_i's are all integers in the range 0..10.
To landscape the garden, Farmer John has several options: he can purchase one unit of dirt and place it in a flowerbed of his choice for $X. He can remove one unit of dirt from a flowerbed of his choice and have it shipped away for $Y. He can also transport one unit of dirt from flowerbed i to flowerbed j at a cost of $Z times |i-j|. Please compute the minimum total cost for Farmer John to complete his landscaping project.
4 100 200 1 1 4 2 3 3 2 4 0
There are 4 flowerbeds in a row, initially with 1, 2, 3, and 4 units of dirt. Farmer John wishes to transform them so they have 4, 3, 2, and 0 units of dirt, respectively. The costs for adding, removing, and transporting dirt are 100, 200, and 1.
One unit of dirt must be removed (from flowerbed #4), at a cost of 200. The remaining dirt can be moved at a cost of 10 (3 units from flowerbed #4 to flowerbed #1, 1 unit from flowerbed #3 to flowerbed #2).