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Farmer John has hired a professional photographer to take a picture of some of his cows. Since FJ's cows represent a variety of different breeds, he would like the photo to contain at least one cow from each distinct breed present in his herd.
FJ's N cows are all standing at various positions along a line, each described by an integer position (i.e., its x coordinate) as well as an integer breed ID. FJ plans to take a photograph of a contiguous range of cows along the line. The cost of this photograph is equal its size -- that is, the difference between the maximum and minimum x coordinates of the cows in the range of the photograph.
Please help FJ by computing the minimum cost of a photograph in which there is at least one cow of each distinct breed appearing in FJ's herd.
6 25 7 26 1 15 1 22 3 20 1 30 1
There are 6 cows, at positions 25,26,15,22,20,30, with respective breed IDs 7,1,1,3,1,1.
The range from x=22 up through x=26 (of total size 4) contains each of the distinct breed IDs 1, 3, and 7 represented in FJ's herd.