시간 제한 메모리 제한 제출 정답 맞은 사람 정답 비율
10 초 128 MB 266 60 43 29.452%

문제

엔터프라이즈호가 클링온에게 포위되었다! 가장 빠른 시간 내에 나갈 수 있는 탈출 루트를 찾고 그 시간을 출력하라.

직사각형의 평면이 입력으로 주어지며, 이는 엔터프라이즈호와 클링온 전투선들의 위치들을 의미한다. 클링온 전투선은 몇 가지의 클래스로 나누어지며, 각 클래스의 클링온 전투선을 엔터프라이즈호가 무력화 시키는 데에 걸리는 시간도 입력으로 주어진다. 엔터프라이즈호는 탈출하는 경로에 있는 모든 클링온 전투선을 무력화 시키며 입력된 평면의 가장자리로 탈출한다. 입력된 평면의 단위 사각형은 꼭짓점이 아닌 가장자리로만 연결된다. (즉, 각 단위 사각형은 4개의 이웃 단위 사각형을 갖는다.)

입력

첫째 줄에 테스트 케이스의 개수 T (2 ≤ T ≤ 100)가 주어진다.

각 케이스는 첫 줄에 세개의 숫자 K, W, H가 주어진다.

K (1 ≤ K ≤ 25)는 클링온 전투선의 클래스 개수를 의미한다.

W (1 ≤ W ≤ 1000)는 평면의 폭을 의미한다.

H (1 ≤ H ≤ 1000)는 평면의 높이를 의미한다.

 

다음 K 줄에는 클링온 전투선의 클래스 이름무력화시키는 데에 걸리는 시간이 주어진다.

클링온 전투선의 클래스 이름은 알파벳 대문자로 주어지며, "E" 가될 수 없다. 클래스의 이름은 겹칠 수 없다.

무력화시키는 데에 걸리는 시간은 '분'을 나타내며 0 이상, 100,000 이하이다.

다음 H 줄에는 W 개의 알파벳 대문자가 주어진다. (각 문자 사이에는 공백이 없다.)

H 줄의 W 개 문자 중,

"E"엔터프라이즈호의 위치를 의미하며, 반드시 하나만 주어진다.

"E"가 아닌 다른 모든 문자해당 단위 평면에 위치한 클링온 전투선 클래스이고, 반드시 위 K 줄에서 무력화시키는 데에 걸리는 시간과 함께 주어진다.

출력

엔터프라이즈호가 탈출하는 데에 걸리는 최소 시간을 정수로 출력하라.

예제 입력 1

2
6 3 3
A 1
B 2
C 3
D 4
F 5
G 6
ABC
FEC
DBG
2 6 3
A 100
B 1000
BBBBBB
AAAAEB
BBBBBB

예제 출력 1

2
400
[{"problem_id":"9505","problem_lang":"0","title":"\uc5d4\ud130\ud504\ub77c\uc774\uc988\ud638 \ud0c8\ucd9c","description":"<p>\uc5d4\ud130\ud504\ub77c\uc774\uc988\ud638\uac00 \ud074\ub9c1\uc628\uc5d0\uac8c \ud3ec\uc704\ub418\uc5c8\ub2e4! \uac00\uc7a5 \ube60\ub978 \uc2dc\uac04 \ub0b4\uc5d0 \ub098\uac08 \uc218 \uc788\ub294 \ud0c8\ucd9c \ub8e8\ud2b8\ub97c \ucc3e\uace0 \uadf8 \uc2dc\uac04\uc744 \ucd9c\ub825\ud558\ub77c.<\/p>\r\n\r\n<p>\uc9c1\uc0ac\uac01\ud615\uc758 \ud3c9\uba74\uc774 \uc785\ub825\uc73c\ub85c \uc8fc\uc5b4\uc9c0\uba70, \uc774\ub294 \uc5d4\ud130\ud504\ub77c\uc774\uc988\ud638\uc640 \ud074\ub9c1\uc628 \uc804\ud22c\uc120\ub4e4\uc758 \uc704\uce58\ub4e4\uc744 \uc758\ubbf8\ud55c\ub2e4. \ud074\ub9c1\uc628 \uc804\ud22c\uc120\uc740 \uba87 \uac00\uc9c0\uc758 \ud074\ub798\uc2a4\ub85c \ub098\ub204\uc5b4\uc9c0\uba70, \uac01 \ud074\ub798\uc2a4\uc758 \ud074\ub9c1\uc628 \uc804\ud22c\uc120\uc744 \uc5d4\ud130\ud504\ub77c\uc774\uc988\ud638\uac00 \ubb34\ub825\ud654 \uc2dc\ud0a4\ub294 \ub370\uc5d0 \uac78\ub9ac\ub294 \uc2dc\uac04\ub3c4 \uc785\ub825\uc73c\ub85c \uc8fc\uc5b4\uc9c4\ub2e4. \uc5d4\ud130\ud504\ub77c\uc774\uc988\ud638\ub294 \ud0c8\ucd9c\ud558\ub294 \uacbd\ub85c\uc5d0 \uc788\ub294 \ubaa8\ub4e0 \ud074\ub9c1\uc628 \uc804\ud22c\uc120\uc744 \ubb34\ub825\ud654 \uc2dc\ud0a4\uba70 \uc785\ub825\ub41c \ud3c9\uba74\uc758 \uac00\uc7a5\uc790\ub9ac\ub85c \ud0c8\ucd9c\ud55c\ub2e4. \uc785\ub825\ub41c \ud3c9\uba74\uc758 \ub2e8\uc704 \uc0ac\uac01\ud615\uc740 \uaf2d\uc9d3\uc810\uc774 \uc544\ub2cc \uac00\uc7a5\uc790\ub9ac\ub85c\ub9cc \uc5f0\uacb0\ub41c\ub2e4. (\uc989, \uac01 \ub2e8\uc704 \uc0ac\uac01\ud615\uc740 4\uac1c\uc758 \uc774\uc6c3 \ub2e8\uc704 \uc0ac\uac01\ud615\uc744 \uac16\ub294\ub2e4.)<\/p>\r\n","input":"<p>\uccab\uc9f8 \uc904\uc5d0 <strong>\ud14c\uc2a4\ud2b8 \ucf00\uc774\uc2a4\uc758 \uac1c\uc218 T<\/strong> (2 &le; T &le; 100)\uac00 \uc8fc\uc5b4\uc9c4\ub2e4.<\/p>\r\n\r\n<p>\uac01 \ucf00\uc774\uc2a4\ub294 \uccab \uc904\uc5d0 \uc138\uac1c\uc758 \uc22b\uc790 <strong>K, W, H<\/strong>\uac00 \uc8fc\uc5b4\uc9c4\ub2e4.<\/p>\r\n\r\n<p><strong>K<\/strong>&nbsp;(1 &le; K &le; 25)\ub294 <strong>\ud074\ub9c1\uc628 \uc804\ud22c\uc120\uc758 \ud074\ub798\uc2a4 \uac1c\uc218<\/strong>\ub97c \uc758\ubbf8\ud55c\ub2e4.<\/p>\r\n\r\n<p><strong>W<\/strong>&nbsp;(1 &le; W &le; 1000)\ub294 <strong>\ud3c9\uba74\uc758 \ud3ed<\/strong>\uc744 \uc758\ubbf8\ud55c\ub2e4.<\/p>\r\n\r\n<p><strong>H<\/strong>&nbsp;(1 &le; H &le; 1000)\ub294 <strong>\ud3c9\uba74\uc758 \ub192\uc774<\/strong>\ub97c \uc758\ubbf8\ud55c\ub2e4.<\/p>\r\n\r\n<p>&nbsp;<\/p>\r\n\r\n<p>\ub2e4\uc74c <strong>K \uc904<\/strong>\uc5d0\ub294 <strong>\ud074\ub9c1\uc628 \uc804\ud22c\uc120\uc758 \ud074\ub798\uc2a4 \uc774\ub984<\/strong>\uacfc <strong>\ubb34\ub825\ud654\uc2dc\ud0a4\ub294 \ub370\uc5d0 \uac78\ub9ac\ub294 \uc2dc\uac04<\/strong>\uc774 \uc8fc\uc5b4\uc9c4\ub2e4.<\/p>\r\n\r\n<p><strong>\ud074\ub9c1\uc628 \uc804\ud22c\uc120\uc758 \ud074\ub798\uc2a4 \uc774\ub984<\/strong>\uc740 \uc54c\ud30c\ubcb3 \ub300\ubb38\uc790\ub85c \uc8fc\uc5b4\uc9c0\uba70, &quot;E&quot; \uac00\ub420 \uc218 \uc5c6\ub2e4. \ud074\ub798\uc2a4\uc758 \uc774\ub984\uc740 \uacb9\uce60 \uc218 \uc5c6\ub2e4.<\/p>\r\n\r\n<p><strong>\ubb34\ub825\ud654\uc2dc\ud0a4\ub294 \ub370\uc5d0 \uac78\ub9ac\ub294 \uc2dc\uac04<\/strong>\uc740 &#39;\ubd84&#39;\uc744 \ub098\ud0c0\ub0b4\uba70 0 \uc774\uc0c1, 100,000 \uc774\ud558\uc774\ub2e4.<\/p>\r\n\r\n<p>\ub2e4\uc74c <strong>H \uc904<\/strong>\uc5d0\ub294 <strong>W \uac1c<\/strong>\uc758 \uc54c\ud30c\ubcb3 \ub300\ubb38\uc790\uac00 \uc8fc\uc5b4\uc9c4\ub2e4. (\uac01 \ubb38\uc790 \uc0ac\uc774\uc5d0\ub294 \uacf5\ubc31\uc774 \uc5c6\ub2e4.)<\/p>\r\n\r\n<p>H \uc904\uc758 W \uac1c \ubb38\uc790 \uc911,<\/p>\r\n\r\n<p><strong>&quot;E&quot;<\/strong>\ub294 <strong>\uc5d4\ud130\ud504\ub77c\uc774\uc988\ud638\uc758 \uc704\uce58<\/strong>\ub97c \uc758\ubbf8\ud558\uba70, <strong>\ubc18\ub4dc\uc2dc \ud558\ub098\ub9cc \uc8fc\uc5b4\uc9c4\ub2e4.<\/strong><\/p>\r\n\r\n<p>&quot;E&quot;\uac00 \uc544\ub2cc&nbsp;<strong>\ub2e4\ub978 \ubaa8\ub4e0 \ubb38\uc790<\/strong>\ub294 <strong>\ud574\ub2f9 \ub2e8\uc704 \ud3c9\uba74\uc5d0 \uc704\uce58\ud55c&nbsp;<\/strong><strong>\ud074\ub9c1\uc628<\/strong><strong> \uc804\ud22c\uc120<\/strong>\uc758<strong> \ud074\ub798\uc2a4<\/strong>\uc774\uace0, \ubc18\ub4dc\uc2dc \uc704 K \uc904\uc5d0\uc11c \ubb34\ub825\ud654\uc2dc\ud0a4\ub294 \ub370\uc5d0 \uac78\ub9ac\ub294 \uc2dc\uac04\uacfc \ud568\uaed8 \uc8fc\uc5b4\uc9c4\ub2e4.<\/p>\r\n","output":"<p>\uc5d4\ud130\ud504\ub77c\uc774\uc988\ud638\uac00 \ud0c8\ucd9c\ud558\ub294 \ub370\uc5d0 \uac78\ub9ac\ub294 \ucd5c\uc18c \uc2dc\uac04\uc744 \uc815\uc218\ub85c \ucd9c\ub825\ud558\ub77c.<\/p>\r\n","hint":"","original":"0","problem_lang_code":"\ud55c\uad6d\uc5b4"},{"problem_id":"9505","problem_lang":"1","title":"Enterprising Escape","description":"<p>The Enterprise is surrounded by Klingons! Find the escape route that has the quickest exit time, and print that time.<\/p>\r\n\r\n<p>Input is a rectangular grid; each grid square either has the Enterprise or some class of a Klingon warship. Associated with each class of Klingon warship is a time that it takes for the Enterprise to defeat that Klingon. To escape, the Enterprise must defeat each Klingon on some path to the perimeter. Squares are connected by their edges, not by corners (thus, four neighbors).<\/p>\r\n","input":"<p>The first line will contain T, the number of cases; 2 &le; T &le; 100. Each case will start with line containing three numbers k, w, and h. The value for k is the number of different Klingon classes and will be between 1 and 25, inclusive. The value for w is the width of the grid and will be between 1 and 1000, inclusive. The value for h is the height of the grid and will be between 1 and 1000, inclusive.<\/p>\r\n\r\n<p>Following that will be k lines. Each will consist of a capital letter used to label the class of Klingon ships followed by the duration required to defeat that class of Klingon. The label will not be &ldquo;E&rdquo;. The duration is in minutes and will be between 0 and 100,000, inclusive. Each label will be distinct.<\/p>\r\n\r\n<p>Following that will be h lines. Each will consist of w capital letters (with no spaces between them). There will be exactly one &ldquo;E&rdquo; across all h lines, denoting the location of the Enterprise; all other capital letters will be one of the k labels given above, denoting the class of Klingon warship in the square.<\/p>\r\n","output":"<p>Your output should be a single integer value indicating the time required for the Enterprise to escape.<\/p>\r\n","hint":"","original":"1","problem_lang_code":"\uc601\uc5b4"}]